
Gravitational force (internal energyexchange imbalance)
The figure at left shows a box within which photons b and t are emitted from the
bottom B and top T and travel to the opposite ends where they are absorbed. In the absence of massive body m,
the energy of photon b transferred from B to T is the same as the energy of photon t transferred from T to B.
However, according to Premise II of the qm view, a massive body causes a change in the qm which slows the rate of
energy transfer through the qm. Specifically, a massive body m slows the energyexchange rate in any
physical system (e.g. atom) in its vicinity according to the following equation, where m is the
mass of the massive body in kga, is the distance from the massive body in LS, and G is
the Newtonian gravitational constant. The gravitycausing physical change ratio (rg) is the ratio of the
rate of roundtrip energy exchange
in the body to the rate in the absense of m, much like rv is the ratio of the
rate of roundtrip energy exchange in a body moving through the qm to the atrest rate.
Just as the rates of physical processes are affected by rv, they are similarly
affected by rg. For example, a clock located at sea level runs slower than one located 1000 m higher, and
we can use the rg equation to determine the difference in clock rates (about 1E−13). Similarly, the
frequencies of photons b and t depend on rg at B (rgB) and rg at T (rgT). And the difference between
the emission energies of b and t (Δeg) is a function of Planck's constant h, the emission
frequency f when rg=1, and the difference between rgT and rgB, as follows.
We will use the rg and Δeg equations above to calculate Δeg for a box 3 ma long
(i.e. Δ=1E−8 LS) at Earth's surface. Earth's mass is 5.98E24 kg,
Earth's radius is about 6.38E6 ma or about .02126666 LS, and when distance is in LS units, G=2.47E−36.
Therefore, rgB=1/[1+(5.98E24·2.47E−36/.02126666)] = (1−6.9454253699E−10)
and rgT=1/[1+(5.98E24·2.47E−36/.02126667) = (1−6.9454221040E−10).
The difference between rgT and rgB is only 3.2659E−16, and
Δeg=h·f·3.2659E−16 J (a quantity we will be using on the next page). As shown in
the figure at left, this small energyexchange imbalance between B and T in the box, Δeg, is due to lower energy photons
emitted at B (red dots) transferring less energy to T than the higher energy photons emitted at T (blue dots)
transfer to B. On the next page we determine the acceleration of a box necessary to create the same energyexchange imbalance.

